Fused glass is loved by many consumers because of its changeable pattern and good decorative effect. Fused glass, whether through bulk decoration or small piece splicing, can produce good results, and is very suitable for use as interior decoration materials. In this article, we will introduce not only the technology of fused glass, but also how to make some common patterns of fused glass.
1. Fused glass process
Fused glass is made of high temperature melting, with strong three-dimensional sense, bright and bright texture and good decorative effect. It is very popular with people! Now the big cities are popular and give the glass industry a line of vitality. Fused glass mainly has the following products: hot-melt art mirrors, hot-melt pots, reiterative patterns, pot, ashtrays, Mosaic, melting bend and other products with artistic shapes and patterns.
The production of fused glass must be produced by a hot melting furnace and about 40kW of electricity. The hot melting furnace can be made by itself or purchased from the relevant equipment manufacturers. The furnace is more practical and low in cost, but it should be relatively mature, otherwise it should not be lost. The prices, quality and performance of the furnaces produced by each plant are relatively large. I hope you can make a comparison with three companies.
The method of making various fused glass patterns with quartz sand is a simple and cost saving method. The method of making it is as follows: first, the thickness of sand and the size of sand are determined according to the requirement of the pattern effect. The thickness of sand is generally 1.5cm thick. As long as the sand is smoothed, all kinds of graphics can be painted on it. After the pattern is fine, the mold powder is sprinkled. The glass can be put into the furnace to burn. The time and temperature of the burning are determined by the furnace of each manufacturer. The general furnace is about 2.5 hours, the temperature is controlled around 785 degrees C, and the glass edges can be turned round at high temperature. The glass figures have been concave down. If the glass is required to keep the edge, the position of the flat edge should be kept. The glass must be dried. Net, the tin surface must be facing down. Some sand mold designs need high temperature paper and other materials to assist. Using high temperature mud, refractory board, gypsum, high temperature cotton, refractory brick and other refractory materials can make various shapes and moulds. The burnt glass is cooled before it is cooled, otherwise it can be easily cracked. When glass is not cooled, it can not be several pieces. Put together, otherwise it's easy to blow up.
2. How to make the pattern of fused glass
2.1 water ripple: paving (1.5cm thick) with the pure quartz sand of about 60 purposes in the furnace, and then drawing on the texture of the picture. Note that the pen and pen should be light, not too sudden, the pen should be uniform, the water waves are naturally smooth, and the sharp angles of the triangle do not appear. Then it is possible to draw with a pencil. The method of drawing and the wave is similar to the method of water ripple, but should pay attention to the thickness of the pattern pen, and the change in the curl. The light on the wave can be gently pressed out of the sand on the sand by a few fingers.
2.2 stone: use fire bricks to knock out about 2cm large pieces of brick, and then put into a rock pattern. The curling pattern is arranged in proportion with high temperature cotton rolls. Pay attention to the flat edge position of the four sides. The flat edge is attached to the glass edge with double side glue on the high temperature paper, then put into the furnace and then burn in the furnace.
2.3 ice peak and reiterative pattern: the way of reiterative and ice peak is the same as the ice peak, only the top of the ice peak. The way of reiterative burning: the wave of the reiterative glass is generally high about 2.6cm (with the 5mm glass as an example, the thick glass is properly enlarged) the same as the flat strip, the distance between the height and the height is determined by the size of the block. The size is long and the wave length is long. The flat edge is usually around 1.3cm, and the glass should be placed on either side of one or two flat strips, a flat (or two) in the middle (or two) with a wave (or two). Before the glass is placed, the bottom of the furnace should be leveled, and a layer of high temperature paper or ordinary paper should be laid on it. Bars are stopped to prevent the falling of strips and size after burning. The control of glass and temperature is strictly controlled by burning ice peaks and reiterative lines. Glass requires better control of different furnace with temperature control. If the quality of glass is not passed or the temperature is not well controlled, it is possible to crack the produced products. Better products. Burn patterns and icy peaks can not be forced to cool down. They need to be lowered to room temperature before they can be baked to prevent bursting.
2.4 production of hot-melt table basin: the mold of the joint table basin can be made by high temperature hard plate (aluminum silicate board or other material). According to the requirement of glass size, the required basin shaped holes (such as ellipse, round, square, heart shape and so on, about 40cm) are used in the mold. It can be grind and smooth with sand paper on the four periphery of the hole, and a stainless steel bracket is welded with stainless steel. Support the mold, the support is smooth, the support is about 20cm, the size is about the same size as the mold. For the general basin, it is about 16cm deep. The mould of different shapes should not be put together to burn, so as to avoid the depth of the basin. If a furnace is burned at the same time, the temperature of the furnace body is more uniform, otherwise the pot is not as deep. The temperature of the specific heat melting glass is low. After the pot is burnt, it should also punch and wear the edge, and some also add the spray paint packaging. Whether the basin is formed can be observed in the observation hole, and the basin will sink down 1~3cm when the temperature is just cooled. The concrete must depend on the size of the mold. The fused furnace can not burn the full transparent continuous light basin.